Blog

Breakfast

Dessert

Dinner

Drinks

Snacks

30 Minute

Baking

Vegan

Extremely Soft Homemade Bread Loaf (Japanese Style Bread, Eggless) | Tangzhong Method

Extremely Soft Homemade Bread Loaf (Japanese Style Bread, Eggless) | Tangzhong Method

If you have ever dreamt of making a sandwich bread loaf at home then you must try this homemade bread loaf recipe. It is extremely soft, moist, and light and the best part of this bread is that it stays fresh and soft for three days. Generally, homemade bread starts to dry out the next day. But not this one because it is made of a popular Japanese techniqueTangzhong or water roux method – that helps in increasing the shelf life of homemade bread. This process makes it springy and spongy. The bread has great elasticity that it bounces back after pressing.

If you like this recipe, you must try our Ladi Pav or extremely soft Dinner Rolls recipe too. That is also made with the same technique. In fact, it has the exactly same dough.

To understand the step-by-step method to make the dough, you may check out this video.

Story Time

I never thought that I would ever make a bread loaf at home. It always seemed quite daunting to me. I also thought that if I need to make bread, I would go for something fancy like Italian Focaccia bread, or cinnamon sugar donut. But after trying my hands on ladi pav or dinner rolls, I got so much interested in making bread at home that now I literally do not feel like buying bread from the stores. Ah! It is not good. I blame my favorite Kenwood Stand Mixer. It has made my job so much easier and more fun. I can keep looking at it kneading the dough until finished. It is fascinating and such a therapy.

Recently I decided that I need to overcome my fear of making bread at home by making more and more bread at home. I decided to make bread every weekend. Then the idea came up to master one dough first and make different kinds of bread using the same dough. For that, I picked up my ladi pav bread dough. I want to make this dough repeatedly until I get comfortable with it. That is why, in this recipe, I used the same dough and turned it into a bread loaf. And this loaf is heavenly good. It is so soft that one slice of it feels like a bite. And it tastes superb with some jam. We loved it.

What is Tangzhong or Water-Roux?

Tangzhong or water roux method is a Japanese technique that is used to make soft and moist bread – dinner rolls, sandwich bread, and milk bread. In this method, a portion of flour and milk/water are mixed together and cooked on a low flame until a thick gel-like consistency is achieved. This mixture when cooled is added to the remaining ingredients of the bread and mixed together. With this method, two things are achieved:

  1. It makes the bread much softer and tender.
  2. It increases the shelf life of the bread. The bread remains soft and moist for longer compared to the ones that are made without Tangzhong.

tangzhong
Tangzhong or Water Roux

How does Tangzhong technique work?

Tangzhong creates a structure that can hold more moisture throughout the process of kneading, baking, and cooling. It means that:

  1. The bread may rise higher because of more water/liquid, hence more steam resulting in more rise during baking.
  2. Since it has more moisture, the bread will ultimately be more soft and moist and remain softer for longer.

You can read more about it here.

Tips to bake it right

  1. Room Temperature: Make sure that all the ingredients are at room temperature. It is very important in baking.
  2. Measure Accurately: Correctly measuring the ingredients is very important. Adding extra flour is one common mistake. Just fill your measuring cup with flour using a spoon and then level it off with a knife. Or, if you are into baking then I would recommend investing in a kitchen scale. It makes the work much easier.
  3. Sifting: Sift the flour. This ensures that there are no lumps in the dough.
  4. Overmixing: This is something that happens accidentally. Over-mixing the dough makes these buns hard and not rise enough. If you are kneading by hand, knead until it becomes soft and smooth. And if you are using a stand mixer, knead till it starts to leave the sides (not completely though). Touch the dough with your finger. If it doesn’t stick, that’s your clue to stop kneading.
  5. Milk Temperature: Make sure it is lukewarm – neither hot nor cold. If it is too hot, it will kill the yeast. If it is cold, it won’t activate the yeast. You should be able to put your finger in the milk. That’s another clue!

Can we replace all-purpose flour with whole wheat flour?

This is the most common question. In order to make things healthier, we feel like replacing refined flour or all-purpose flour (maida) with whole wheat flour. But it doesn’t work that easily. Baking involves science and maths too. Replacing one ingredient and keeping other things exactly the same won’t give you the same result or in fact, may ruin the bread.

Every flour has a different protein content which gives different results in bread baking. The higher the protein, more will be the gluten formation, and hence the higher will be the rise. You may think that whole wheat flour has more protein so it should have more rise. But whole wheat flour contains fibers and bran which cuts the gluten formation. This leads to low-rise and denser and dry bread.

In order to achieve good results with whole wheat flour, try replacing 25% of the refined flour first and then gradually proceed. Whole wheat flour will need more moisture to soften the bran and hence will give good results in terms of softness and rise.

Bread Loaf

Can we replace toned milk (1.5% fat) with full-fat milk (3.5% fat)?

Just like whole wheat flour, different milk also has different protein and fat content. This difference plays a huge role in the texture and overall result and experience of the bread baking. I baked this recipe using toned milk that gave me soft and moist bread. Also, it resulted in a higher rise in bread.

Switching toned milk with full-fat milk affects the protein and fat content of the bread in a way that it becomes difficult to knead the dough. I tried this and it took me around 60 minutes to knead the dough using a stand mixer and eventually, I had to dust some flour to make it come together. Though the dough looked good and was proofed well. But the overall result was dry and hard bread.

What happens if we over-knead the dough?

Over-kneading is another mistake that we should avoid. It results in hard and dry bread. Once you knead the dough for a little extra time, it becomes extremely difficult to manage it further. It even becomes impossible for the dough to come together.

There are a couple of things that you can follow to make sure that your bread is well-kneaded:

1) Non-Sticky Dough: The other two methods below are the foolproof way to check if the dough is done but there is one more way to check if the dough is just perfect. If you are using a stand mixer, you will notice after a while that the dough starts to come together (not sticking to the sides and starts to clean the bowl) and looks smoother. At this stage, touch the dough with your finger. If it sticks to your finger, it means you need to knead more. If it doesn’t stick, try the window-pane test to be sure.

2) Window Pane Test: This name sounds funny but it is actually how it sounds. To check if your dough is done, take a piece of your dough and stretch it gently. Put it in front of the window or some light source in general and if you can see the light through the dough, it means it is done. If the dough is breaking while stretching, it means it doesn’t have enough gluten to hold it. Knead further till it passes the window-pane test.

window pane test

(Image credit: Apartment Therapy)

3) Bounce Back: Once the dough is done, shape it into a smooth dough ball and gently press it with your finger. If the dough bounces back (not completely though), it means it is perfectly done.

Can we knead the dough with our hands instead of using the stand mixer?

You can surely knead the dough using your hands but I would not recommend it since this dough takes a lot of time to become smooth. It is a high-hydration dough which means that it has a lot of moisture/liquid. Kneading using the slap-and-fold method is doable if you are ready to invest some time and elbow grease.

On the plus side, you will have some good arm exercise if you knead with your hands 🙂

If you don’t have the stand mixer, knead on the kitchen counter. Do not be tempted to dust some flour since the dough will be quite sticky. After some time, the dough will develop gluten and start to come together. Knead until it becomes smooth, elastic, and comes together in the shape of a ball.

How long does this bread stay fresh?

This bread can easily stay fresh, soft, and moist for up to 3 days. After 3 days, it will start to become a little dry.

Store this bread in an air-tight container to keep them soft. You can put them on the kitchen counter itself. To keep the bread for a longer time, store it in the fridge.

How is the Bread Loaf Texture?

When it is out of the oven, it will have a hard surface. But let it cool down completely. After cooling, the bread will become soft and spongy. Press it in between your hands and it will bounce back.

It is extremely soft from the inside and will not crumble on slicing. You may feel that it is difficult to slice.

Is this recipe vegan?

No. I am afraid that this recipe is not vegan or plant-based. But I am working on a plant-based Bread Loaf recipe and it will be out soon. Just watch the space.

If you want some vegan recipes, here are a few options to try: Banana Walnut Muffins, Mini Mango Cheesecake, Vegan Fudgy Brownie.

Step-By-Step Representation of the Bread

Bread

Bread

Bread

Tools Needed

  1. Stand Mixer
  2. Kitchen Scale

More Bread Recipes – just as good

  1. Cinnamon Buns (Vegan)
  2. Braided Garlic Bread (video)
  3. Focaccia Bread for beginners (50% whole wheat flour)
  4. 100% Whole Wheat Focaccia Bread
  5. Eggless Baked Donuts

Now you are all ready to make these pillowy soft and moist bread loaf or sandwich bread at home, with full confidence. Grab all the ingredients, and let’s get baking.

If you like the recipe, please share the photo on Instagram and tag us too @thefearlesscooking. We love to see your recreation of our recipes.

Happy baking 🙂

Love from us

Richa

Extremely Soft Homemade Bread Loaf (Japanese Style Bread, Eggless) | Tangzhong Method

Extremely Soft. Moist. More Shelf Life.

Baking some fresh Bread Loaf at home to pair with your favorite jam or butter is always a good idea. This bread is extremely soft and moist without any eggs or milk powder but with a SECRET Japanese Technique. Let's find that out.

Happy Baking :)

4

Servings

50 min

Prep Time

25 min

Cook Time

1 hr 15 min

Total Time


Ingredients

Tangzhong or Roux

Dry Ingredients

Wet Ingredients

Other

Steps

Tangzhong or Roux
  1. In a pan, add flour and milk. Whisk till they are combined with no lumps. 
  2. Place the pan over low heat and cook the mixture, whisking constantly. Cook till it thickens and forms a gel-like consistency - 4-5 minutes.
  3. Transfer tangzhong in a bowl and let it cool completely.
  4. To speed up the process, place it in the refrigerator for a few minutes. But make sure it is at room temperature while mixing in the dough.
Dough (using machine)
  1. Prepare Liquid - In a saucepan, heat milk and olive oil together until lukewarm.
  2. Do not make it hot, it will kill the yeast. Do not keep it cool, the yeast won't activate. Just enough warm that you should be able to put your finger in the liquid.
  3. Mix Dry Ingredients - In the stand mixer bowl, sift all-purpose flour. Then on one side of the bowl, add salt and on another side of the bowl, add sugar and yeast. Mix well using a spatula. 
  4. Yeast and salt should not come in direct contact.
  5. Mix Tangzhong - Add Tangzhong and start the stand mixer at a low speed. Let it get incorporated well. 
  6. Add Liquid - Once Tangzhong is well mixed with the flour, start adding liquid at low speed. Increase the speed to high (setting 5 on Kenwood KMix) and knead the dough until it starts to come together. It takes around 10 minutes. 
  7. Stop in between to scrape the bowl from the sides, if needed.
  8. Add Butter - Once the dough starts to come together, start adding 1 piece of the butter at a time. Let it incorporate well into the dough at the same speed.  Once that butter is fully incorporated, add another piece and repeat till all the butter is used. 
  9. Further Kneading - After adding butter, keep kneading the dough at high speed until it starts to leave the sides, and made the bowl clean. It would take around 5 minutes. 
  10. Keep an eye otherwise the dough will be ruined. Total time taken to knead the dough from milk pouring to the final stage is around 20 minutes.
  11. First Proofing - Remove the dough from the mixing bowl and shape it into a ball. Dust flour only if it is needed. Place the dough in a greased bowl and cover tightly (using a cling wrap). Keep it in a warm place for an hour or until it doubles in size.
Second Proofing
  1. After an hour of proofing, take out the dough from the bowl. Knead it on the countertop for a couple of minutes to even out the surface. 
  2. Dust some flour, only if it is needed.
  3. Divide the dough ball into 4 equal pieces. Use a kitchen scale for accurate measurements.
  4. Knead each dough ball to smoothen out the bottom part. Then flip and roll it in between the sides of both your palms. It will roll in an anti-clockwise motion. Do this till the top surface is smooth. The bottom part would be not so smooth but that is okay. 
  5. Place the dough ball on a greased bread baking tray.
  6. Cover with a cloth and let it proof for another 45 minutes or until they are doubled in size.
  7. They will rise, become bigger and join together.
Baking
  1. Preheat the oven to 180 °C, top/bottom.
  2. Brush some milk & sugar solution over the proofed dough balls. Do it gently as you don't want to poke the balls. This gives a nice browning to the bread.
  3. Mix 1/4 Cup of milk with 1 tsp sugar.
  4. Bake at 180 °C for 20 to 23 minutes or until the top is evenly brown. 
  5. Once done, take it out of the oven and brush some butter on top. Let it sit in the baking tray for 5 minutes and then transfer it to a cooling rack. Your delicious and soft bread loaf is ready to be enjoyed.
  6. If you let them cool completely on the baking tray, they become soggy at the bottom because of the condensation of steam.

Tell us what you think

Top